Hemp is a dynamic crop that is easy to cultivate, manage and harvest. The plant is an annual herbaceous plant with a thin stem, and its height is 4 to 15 feet. Hemp is a popular crop used in making fiber, seed, and cannabidiol (CBD). The hemp is also known as industrial hemp. Primarily it is cultivated to be used in the industrial sector, and from that, it makes an enormous variety of products. Industrial hemp uses paper, textile, rope, biodegradable plastics, biofuel, and animal feed.
The hem crop is quite popular because it has thousands of uses for soil, oil, and fiber. Industrial hemp products are clothes, paper products, livestock breeding, building material, and many more. The cloth is more durable than cotton.
Soil Requirement for Industrial Hemp Cultivation in India
On various types of soil, the hemp plant can be grown. However, the plant requires deep, well-aerated soil with six or more pH levels and good moisture quality. Poor drained or excessive water is not suitable for hemp crops. Preparation of the soil is essential for industrial hemp cultivation in India, and entire soil hardpans should be well broken to enable free-draining; otherwise, it will destroy the younger plants.
The most appropriate soil for industrial hemp cultivation is fertile clay loam or silt loam soils with organic alkalinity. The hemp seed requires a firm seedbed and good soil that sprouts well.
Cultivation State of industrial hemp In India
The licensed state of India has permission to grow hemp in Uttarakhand. The person can legally grow hemp with a Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content of less than 3%. Uttar Pradesh is the other state with the legal right to produce industrial hemp in India, and probably Himachal Pradesh is perhaps the next one.
The other cultivating industrial hemp market in India is Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Rajasthan. To produce industrial hemp is legal in India but not in the US. But to import hemp in the US is legal.
Hemp Seed Development for Industrial Hemp Cultivation
The hemp growing from hemp seed is similar to other crops grown in the summer seasons. The hemp plant requires loose, deep soil that is fertile and has a pH level from 6.0 to 7.5. It does not grow well in wet soils. In the hemp lifecycle, seed germination is the most delicate part that requires close attention while preparing and maintaining quality soil. It can be the initial step for crop survival. Quality soil moisture is necessary for hemp seed germination till the young plants are well–grown.
How is Industrial hemp helping the agricultural sector?
Currently, industrial hemp market manufacturers in India are majorly dependent on imports for raw hemp from Europe and China to produce mats, bags, and shoes. There is no restriction on imports of natural hemp if it is complying with regulations.
In India, some hemp manufacturer companies work domestically, and the hemp is at a developing stage in India that is limited by national regulations. Many startup companies are expanding their hemp business into textile, biofuels, and industrial hemp used in building materials. There are also hemp seed suppliers in India who supplies their seed within India to motivate the production of the hemp plant.
Industrial hemp and marijuana are different cultivators produced from a similar species that is Cannabis Sativa. Biologically, that plant is used for another purpose like industrial hemp used for fiber seed while marijuana is grown for a high level of THC.
With the growing demand for hemp-based products and increasing health consciousness, the industrial hemp must expand the domestic and international markets. India can quickly capture up with different international locations like China in exporting hemp products to the United States and Europe. It can also be an opportunity revenue stream for Indian farmers and a sustainable, eco-friendly product.